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Soft law > General Antitrust

UK Competition and Markets Authority & French Competition Authority’s Joint Report on Digital Economy

Joint Report, December 2014

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The French Autorité de la Concurrence and the UK Competition and Markets Authority have produced a joint report on digital economy ecosystems and their effects on competition. The report draws on the main conclusions from the economic literature on these ecosystems, inspired notably by the work on two-sided markets by Nobel economics laureate Jean Tirole. It shows that the effects of their closure or openness the degree of openness or closure should be assessed on a case-by-case basis. This depends, for example, on the degree of competition between systems, on the ease with which consumers may switch between systems, on the degree of coordination required to ensure a system’s viability and on the ability of consumers to assess the overall cost associated with a system before making a choice.

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